Definition „Governance“

The project governance is not part of any knowledge area. It creates the foundation for the project execution.


One of the biggest challenges in all large projects is the definition of the right governance. It must consider all stakeholder on various level, should distribute the responsibilities unambiguously and must not create too many communication channels. Balancing all these topics often develops unclear or even confusing structures.

Many project management guides claim to tackle this challenge by creating the “right” communication. This statement is true and misleading together. More communication may lead to a better involvement of different individuals or stakeholder groups. At the same time, it creates more effort, interferences between different communication channels and even confusion. Additionally, it does not solve the issue of the expected input to the project which is different for each group. 


The LPLM© supplies a guideline that helps the management teams to set up the governance in an effective manner. Applying the model includes these topics:

  1. Define all level of influence and their audience.
  2. Identify all stakeholder that must be involved.
  3. Appoint each stakeholder to a level.
  4. Describe the level of influence and the expected contribution at each level.
  5. Organize the related communicationbetween all level.
  6. Determine all interfaces between the governance level and knowledge areas.

All governance level have their own influence on knowledge areas. Any inappropriate definition that happens at the beginning of a project will form the outcomes to a bad shape

Figure G1: LPLM© Definition Governance